Updated VI Keyboard Shortcuts – Make Your Command Line Super Friendly [PDF Cheatsheet]

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In this tutorial, I am going to share some of the most important VI Keyboard Shortcuts, that make your command line tasks super easier. I also included VI Cheatsheet PDF to download.

VI Keyboard Shortcuts

What is a VI editor?

VI Keyboard Shortcuts: The most practical and commonly used terminal-based editor is VI. As a visual editor, the vi editor has been enhanced and in 2022 Vi Shortcuts and Vi Commands are so much useful to work in VI using the terminal. Every Unix system has it.

In other words, it is accessible in all Linux distributions. It is simple to use and runs on a variety of operating systems and platforms. It is a highly strong program. But now Vim is the enhanced version of the vi editor.

Modes of VI Editor

VI Editor has three modes

  • Command Mode: When the vi editor starts up in the terminal, it is in Command Mode as default. In command mode Vi interprets any characters we type as commands and thus does not display them in the terminal. This mode allows us to move through a file, and delete, copy, or paste a piece of text. To enter into this Mode from any other mode you have to press the [Esc] key. If you press [Esc] when you are in Command Mode, then vi will beep or flash the screen and change to that required mode using vi keyboard commands and vi shortcuts.
  • Insert Mode: This mode allows you to input text into the terminal. Everything written in this mode is evaluated as input and thereafter saved to a file. The vi always opens in command mode as default. The Insert mode is required to enter text. Simply type I to enter insert mode. To exit insert mode, use the Esc key, which returns you to command mode.
  • Last Line Mode: While in Command Mode, type a colon [:] to enter Line Mode. The cursor will go to the final line of the terminal while vi waits for a command. This mode allows you to do things like save files and run commands.

Vi Commands and their Description

Vi Editor and the vi shortcut and vi commands are different from other editors and they used different functions to execute.

The commands used in the vi editor are case-sensitive.

CommandDescription
vi filenameCreates a new file if it does not exist, otherwise opens the existing file.
vi -R filenameOpens an existing file in read-only mode. view filename: Opens an existing file in read-only mode.

To switch from command to insert mode

CommandAction
iStart typing before the current character
IStart typing at the start of the current line
aStart typing after the current character
AStart typing at the end of the current line
oStart typing on a new line after the current line
OStart typing on a new line before the current line

To save and quit (VI Keyboard Shortcuts)

CommandsAction
:wqSave and quit
:wSave
:qQuit
:w fnameSave as fname
ZZSave and quit
:q!Quit discarding changes made
:w!Save (and write to the non-writable file)

To move around a file VI text editor

CommandsAction
jTo move down
kTo move up
hTo move left
lTo move right

To jump lines on VI text editor

CommandsAction
GWill direct you at the last line of the file
Will direct you to your last position in the file

To delete on VI text editor

CommandsAction
xDelete the current character
XDelete the character before the cursor
rReplace the current character
xpSwitch two characters
ddDelete the current line
DDelete the current line from the current character to the end of the line
dGdelete from the current line to the end of the file

To repeat and undo (VI Keyboard Shortcuts)

CommandsAction
uUndo the last command
.Repeat the last command.

Command to cut, copy and paste

CommandsAction
ddDelete a line
yy(yank yank) copy a line
pPaste after the current line
PPaste before the current line

Command to cut, copy and paste in blocks

CommandsAction
<n>ddDelete the specified n number of lines
<n>yyCopy the specified n number of lines

Start and end of the line VI text editor

CommandsAction
θBring at the start of the current line
^Bring at the start of the current line
$Bring at the end of the current line
Delete till the start of a line
d$Delete till the end of a line

Joining lines in VI text editor

CommandsAction
JJoin two lines
yypRepeat the current line
ddpSwap two lines

Move forward or backward in VI

CommandsAction
wMove one word forward
bMove one word backward
<n>wMove specified number of words forward
dwDelete one word
ywCopy one word
<n>dwDelete specified number of words

Search a string in VI text editor

CommandsAction
/stringForward search for given string
?stringBackward search for given string
/^stringForward search string at beginning of a line
/string$Forward search string at end of a line
nGo to the next occurrence of the searched string
/\<he\>Search for the word he (and not for there, here, etc.)
/pl[abc]ceSearch for place, plbce, and plcce

Replace all in VI text editor

Syntax:

<startLine,endLine**>** s/<oldString>/<newString>/g

Example:

CommandsAction
:1,$ s/readable/changed/Replace forward with backward from the first line to the last line
:3,6 s/letters/neww/gReplace forward with backward from the third line to the ninth line

Text buffers in VI text editor

CommandsAction
“addDelete the current line and put text in the buffer a
“apPaste the line from buffer a

Abbreviation

Syntax:

:ab <abbreviation> <abbreviatedWord>

Example:

CommandsAction
:ab au abbreviation and unabbreviationAbbreviate au to be ‘abbreviation and unabbreviation’
:una auUn – abbreviate au

Read More: How to Install Vim on Ubuntu Easily [3 steps]

Conclusion

In this article, I covered most of the important and most used VI keyboard Shortcuts with the VI commands cheatsheet in PDF. Download the PDF and also share it with your friends.

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